Civil engineering is one of the premium branches of modern engineering. It can also be considered the most ancient form of engineering. This branch of engineering has always been leading to the development of bigger and better structures in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. It is also believed that there was civil engineering even when there was no other branch of engineering. Human beings come a long way from cave dwellings to the construction of the following:
- Highways, and
Some of the other examples of the ancient civil engineering include:
- Stonehenge in Britain
- The Great Pyramid of Giza
- The Roman Coliseum
- The Great Wall of China, and
- The magnificent Taj Mahal of India.
Civil engineering has always been an ever-green branch of engineering as far as the job prospects are concerned. Every year, thousands of students appear for the entrance examination of the top civil engineering colleges in Bangalore for admission.
What do civil engineers do?
The primary job of civil engineers lies in conceiving, designing, constructing, supervising, and maintaining structures of different shapes, sizes, and magnitudes. They do it both in the private and public sectors. Some of the constructions they are involved in include the following:
- Large and small residential and commercial buildings
- Airports, tunnels, and roads
- Dams, bridges, and
- Systems for water supply and sewage treatment.
Civil engineers after earning their degree from the best private engineering colleges in Bangalore and other parts of the country can have the option of getting involved in the research of architectural structures while doing planning, designing, and construction. As the entire infrastructural framework of any country moves around the efficiencies of the civil engineers, those who adopt this profession get a plethora of job opportunities.
Types of Careers in Civil Engineering
Structural engineering is one of the most important subdomains of civil engineering in which engineers analyze the designs of a large number of structures including bridges and buildings. Structural engineering always aims at establishing and ascertaining the structures that are capable of withstanding a wide range of manmade and natural factors such as high-intensity winds, typhoons, earthquakes, and other environmental factors. Structural engineers are well aware of the nature, properties, and also behavior of different types of materials used in the building construction industry.
Geotechnical engineering is considered to be a primary type of Civil Engineering. This branch of civil engineering mainly relies upon the application of the new-age science and technology in a variety of projects suggesting solutions to the complicated problems the construction industry confronts related to geology. Geotechnical engineers find work in the following areas:
- Structural foundations
- Stable slopes, and
- Embankments, etc.
Geotechnical engineers need to have an in-depth understanding of soil conditions across the construction scenarios. It is important because no project can be successfully accomplished if the soil in the construction zone is not suitable and appropriate.
- Environmental Engineering
An environmental engineer is an individual who makes a comprehensive analysis of the problems related to the environment and suggests the best resolution to the same. The roles played by the environmental engineers include the following:
- Bringing the improvement in the quality of air and water
- Managing all types of solid wastes
- Treating both non-hazardous and hazardous substances
- Locating underground water resources, and
- Ensuring the treatment of the underground water if needed.
To make their mark in the field of environmental engineering, all aspirants need to study the following:
- Environmental science
- Atmospheric science
- Engineering technology, and
- Water Resources Engineering
Water resource engineering is also an important part of civil engineering in which the engineers need to work on both the quality and quantity of the water and the water resources. In water resource engineering, the engineers are also responsible for the following:
- Comprehensively working on storm-water as well as food analysis
- Wetland protection
- Wastewater treatment
- Groundwater remediation, and
- Water supply planning.
Those aspiring to be a Water Resources Engineer need to study the subjects that include:
- Environmental science
- Fluid dynamics, and
Construction engineering is one of the most popular branches of civil engineering which most engineers often opt for. It is because the construction industry across the country is progressing by leaps and bounds while creating a never-before demand for qualified and skilled construction engineers. A construction engineer is responsible for carrying out mainly the following tasks:
- Digging of tunnels
- Construction of roads
- Erection of structures
- Building the treatment plants, etc.
Apart from this, construction engineers also play a crucial role in making cost estimates in the preplanning phase and coming out with scopes and designs, and taking on the project accordingly. Remarkable skills in mathematics and science are considered to be the backbone of this premium branch of engineering.
- Transportation Engineering
Transportation engineering is also one of the fastest-growing subdomains of civil engineering wherein the engineering work is all about making and maintaining ports, airfields, highways, and railways. The job roles of transportation engineers are to provide effective, efficient, safe, smooth, comfortable, and convenient transport ways to people while remaining in sync with the environment. This field calls for extensive research work from transportation engineers. They need to come up with newer ideas for better traffic control across airfields and highways while making efforts to improve existing conditions.
Recognized as one of the Top 50 private universities in India, REVA University is setting newer benchmarks in modern education with each passing year. Innovative pedagogy, exemplary infrastructure, and an industry-resilient curriculum are what put this premium higher education institution always on the cutting edge.
In less than two decades, the University has grown from a small community of 150 students to a vast institution providing high-quality education to more than 15,000 students on campus. In case you are in search of the best private engineering colleges in Bangalore for civil engineering courses, then no institution is better than REVA University. For more details on courses and the admission procedure, initiate contact with the university right away.