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Certification Course on Essentialities to Build Your Own PC

Course Duration


Eligibility Criteria

UG and PG students, Working Professionals


The course provides hands-on exposure to candidates on computer system architecture and in-depth knowledge and upgradation in the domain. The course is an out-come based and project-oriented, which has greater relevance to showcase the student’s ability in learning. The certificate course will be an add-on along with the regular curriculum and exposes the student’s ability to learn new things along with the curriculum. The charge is very minimal compared with the standards of the industry as well as certification bodies.

Course Outcomes

  • To develop graduates that can identify, analyse, and remediate computer system architecture.
  • To perform all the functions with Electrical and Electronic components related to the computer.
  • To set up and configure various functional/ operational modules of a PC.
  • To describe common models and prominent usage of each element in the system.


Module 1

Development of the PC- Features, and System Design

Evolution of Computer system. Overview of block level architecture of a Computer-Input, Central Processing Unit(CPU), Memory, Output. Processor Specifications:8085-Processor types and Slots-Data Bus, Address Bus, and I/O Bus. AMD vs Intel Processor Cooling: Heatsinks, Liquid Cooling, Thermally Advantaged Chassis.

Module 2

Typical Configuration of Computer System

Motherboard and its Components: BIOS: Typical Motherboard BIOS, BIOS Features, BIOS and Boot Sequences, BIOS Shortcoming and Compatible Issues, BIOS Troubleshooting, BIOS Upgrades. MOS-CMOS. RAM slot, Disk controller, I/O Ports (PS/2, Serial, Parallel, USB, VGA, HDMI, Audio, Ethernet, etc.) and Interfaces. Expansion Slots- ISA, PCI and AGP. Input device ports. About SMPS - Types of SMPS-Power stored in UPS-Components and Circuits inside the SMPS Unit.

Module 3

Computer Memory

Memory Basics-ROM-DRAM-Cache Memory: SRAM. Secondary Memory Magnetic Storage Principles- Hard Disk Storage (IDE or PATA, SATA, SCSI, SSD, PATA)- Flash and Removable Storage- Optical Storage.

Module 4

Power Supplies and Building or Upgrading Systems

Power Switches, ATX and Newer, PC/XT/AT and LPX Power Switches, Power Supply Recommendations, Modular Cables, Real-Time Clock/Nonvolatile RAM. Assembling & Dissembling of PCs: Assembly Preparation- Installing the CPU and Heatsink. Installing Memory Modules, Mounting the New Motherboard in the Case. Preparing a Modular Power Supply Connecting the Power Supply Connecting I/O and Other Cables to the Motherboard. Problems During the POST. Problems Running Software. Problems with Adapter Cards. Popular Troubleshooting Problems

Practical Topics

Computer Assembling-Overview of Parts of PC-Cabinet, Motherboards, Video Cards, Sound Cards, Modems, Hard Drive, Zip Drive, CD ROM Drive, Network Card, Interfaces, CPU, Main Memory, Power Supply Fix auxiliary accessories like a cabinet with display, memory, hard disk, battery pack, keyboard membrane, chargers

Power OnSelf Test (POST)

Setting up the Motherboard: Installing CPU, Setting the Clock Speed and Installing the Memory.

Display Adapters and Graphic Accelerators

8085 microprocessor and its auxiliary components

Identify connectors with data and power cables, connectors used to connect external devices.

To Repair and Troubleshooting SMPS, Monitor, Printer and Motherboard

Check DDR3 and DDR4 RAM’s FSB. Insert it into the memory slot. Test and understand various beep sounds in case of trouble.

Boot the PC through a BOOTABLE DVD of OS. Partition the disk, Format the drive. Install Windows 7 or Windows 10

Project/ Assignment Component

Project-based on practical topics will be assigned along with the regular module-wise assignments


Textbooks & Supporting Literature

  • Sinclair, I., 2002. Build and upgrade your own PC. Elsevier.
  • Chambers, M.L., 2009. Build Your Own PC Do-it-yourself for Dummies. John Wiley & Sons.
  • Mueller, J.P., 2016. Build Your Own PC on a Budget: A DIY Guide for Hobbyists and Gamers. McGraw-Hill Education.

Online Material

NPTEL course on Design and Engineering of Computer Systems By Prof. Mythili Vutukuru, IIT Bombay

NPTEL course on Computer Organization, Prof. S. Raman, IIT Madras,

  • Course Fee₹ 5000/-